The implementation of short-term countermeasures after a nuclear accident (stable iodine, sheltering, and evacuation)
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The implementation of short-term countermeasures after a nuclear accident (stable iodine, sheltering, and evacuation) proceedings of an NEA workshop organised by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and hosted by the Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 1-3 June 1994. by

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Published by Nuclear Energy Agency, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Publications and Information Center [distributor] in Paris, Washington, D.C .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Nuclear reactor accidents -- Congresses.,
  • Disaster medicine -- Congresses.,
  • Emergency management -- Congresses.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

SeriesOECD documents
ContributionsNuclear Energy Agency., Statens strålskyddsinstitut (Sweden)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTK9152 .I42 1995
The Physical Object
Pagination318 p. :
Number of Pages318
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL585178M
ISBN 10926414689X
LC Control Number96175057
OCLC/WorldCa34190899

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The timely and appropriate implementation of short-term countermeasures, such as sheltering, evacuation and iodine prophylaxis, can, in case of a nuclear emergency with a release of radioactive material, considerably reduce the doses to the public in the vicinity of the nuclear. The Implementation of Short Term Countermeasures After a Nuclear Accident (Stable Iodine, Sheltering and Evacuation) English: INEX‑1: An International Nuclear Emergency Exercise: English | Français: Off-Site Nuclear Emergency Exercises / Exercises d'application hors site des plans d'urgence en cas d'accident nucléaire: Bilingual. Efficiency of Various Strategies of Short Term Countermeasures in Case of a Severe Nuclear accident. F. Charpin, H. Mansoux Institute of Protection and Nuclear Safety (IPSN) BP n°6, F- Fontenay-aux-Roses, France INTRODUCTION In case of a severe nuclear accident at PWR plants, countermeasures should be initiated in the short term. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant that resulted from the Great East Japan Earthquake of Ma , involved the dispersion and spread of radioactive materials, and thus from both the political and economic perspectives, the accident became not only an issue for Japan itself.

The book describes modern decision aiding technologies and environmental decision support systems for remediation planning and optimization. Several case studies, demonstrating remediation success including radiation and radiological accidents and nuclear test sites are presented and evaluated. As can be observed in Figure 1, the results show that there was a low focus on preparedness and a high focus on crisis response and recovery/ the first 5 weeks, the main focus was on crisis response. Around Week 6, the main focus shifted to the recovery/evaluation phase, although in the first week after the accident already around 30% of the articles focused on the recovery. The fifth anniversary of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant and the 30th anniversary of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant both occurred in Both incidents were classified as major accidents at Level 7, the highest on the IAEA– Nuclear Energy Agency International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale. Defence in depth (DiD) is a concept that has been used for many years alongside tools to optimise nuclear safety in reactor design, assessment and regulation. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident raised many questions and gave unique insight into nuclear safety issues File Size: 1MB.

optimal control, which follows the approach developed by Richard Bellman (Bellman, , Bellman, , Bellman, ).It was applied in the NREFS project to a model of the dynamic process of ground contamination after a major nuclear accident, with the model elements shown in diagrammatic form in Fig. extended system includes dynamic equations to describe the three broad countermeasures Cited by: 8. The prototype of PRANA DSS developed with the use of up-to-date geoinformation technologies is intended for analysis of protective measures in agrosphere during the long-term period of liquidating the consequences of a nuclear accident and provides computation and integration of Cited by: 4. The Science of the Total Environment, () Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Countermeasures in agricultural production as an effective means of mitigating the radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident R.M. Alexakhin Russian Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology, Kievskoe Shosse, Obninsk, Kaluga Region , Russian Federation ABSTRACT In Cited by: The principal features of the National Emergency Plan for Nuclear Accidents (NEPNA) are set out herewith. This Plan is intended specifically to cater for a major emergency at a nuclear installation abroad that could result in radioactive contamination reaching Ireland. The Plan has been prepared in accordance with Article.